Annotated Bibliography: Science and Religion

With our Thinker Sensitive event on the relationship between faith and science just on the horizon, we decided to put together an annotated bibliography that covers the broad spectrum of ideas found within this all-important discussion. We have systematically organized this bibliography using the following classifications: General Overview; Young Earth Creationism; Old Earth Creationism; Intelligent Design; Theistic Evolution; Dialogical & Juxtapositional Resources; Biblical Studies; Miscellaneous & Crossover Resources; and Anthologies, Companions, Handbooks, Collections. We trust that this bibliography will be a useful tool that will help to stimulate the reader’s interest and guide the reader’s research in this important area of study.   

General Overview

  • Barbour, Ian G. Religion and Science. New York: HarperCollins, 1991.

Barbour’s book is a quintessential text on the relationship between science and faith. It discusses and compares several different models and provides historical examples. Barbour, a trained physicist and theologian, received the Templeton Prize for Progress in Religion for his contributions toward the integration of science and religion.

  • Barbour, Ian G. When Science Meets Religion: Enemies, Strangers or Partners. San Francisco: Harper, 2000.

This work from Barbour illustrates various ways science and faith can interact with each other in a series of case studies. In this book, the prominent scientist-theologian offers a critical analysis of the following schemas: “conflict,” “independence,” “dialog,” and “integration.”

  • Bube, Richard H. Putting it all Together: Seven Patterns for Relating Science and the Christian Faith. Lanham, Md: University Press of America, 1995.

Richard Bube served as Emeritus Professor of Materials Science and Electrical Engineering at Stanford University. In this work, he presents several different models, or patterns, for relating faith and science and offers a critique of each one.

  • Dixon, Thomas. Science and Religion: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Dixon’s book provides a brief, accessible, introductory overview of the topic.

  • McGrath, A. E. Science and Religion: A New Introduction. Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.

McGrath is one of the leading contemporary historical theologians. Here, he gives an overview of major historical turning points and offers an analysis of key thinkers and models.

Young Earth Creationism

  • Ashton, John F. (editor). In Six Days: Why fifty scientists choose to believe in creation. Master Books, 2000.

In this resource, 50 scientists, all with PhDs from recognized universities–including university professors, researchers, geologists, zoologists, biologists, botanists, physicists, chemists, mathematicians, medical researchers, and engineers–explain their reasons why they believe in creation science rather than evolution theory.

  • Morris, Henry. (editor). Scientific Creationism: Study Real Evidence of Origins, Discover Scientific Flaws in Evolution. Master Books, 1974.

In this text, which was edited by Henry Morris (founder of the Institute for Creation Research), over 22 scientists with PhDs contribute a variety of scientific evidence supporting young earth creationism.

  • Morris, Henry. Biblical Cosmology and Modern Science. Baker Book House, 1970.

This book is comprised of the W. H. Griffith Thomas Memorial Lectures presented at Dallas Theological Seminary in 1967. It deals with a variety of topics including catastrophism, biblical naturalism, hydraulic engineering, and thermodynamics. Morris, a proponent of youth earth creationism, attempts to make a biblical case for his position.

Old Earth Creationism

  • Moreland, J. P. Christianity and the Nature of Science. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1989.

J.P. Moreland is the distinguished Professor of Philosophy at Talbot School of Theology. He is a proponent of old earth creationism. Here, Moreland advocates for the interaction between scientific study and Christian theology, with the philosophy of science playing a key role in the discussion. 

  • Plantinga, A. Where the Conflict Lies: Science, Religion, and Naturalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.

In this resource, one of the greatest Christian philosophers of the modern era gives his thoughts on the topic. Plantinga began his graduate studies at the University of Michigan and received his Ph.D. from Yale. After teaching for eighteen years at the University of Notre Dame, he currently serves as a Professor of Philosophy at Calvin College.

  • Ross, Hugh. Navigating Genesis: A Scientist’s Journey through Genesis 1-11. RTB Press, 2014.

Hugh Ross is a prominent scientist-pastor. He obtained his Ph.D. in Astrophysics from the University of Toronto. In this book, he offers an interpretation of Genesis from the perspective of old earth creationism.

  • Ross, Hugh. A Matter of Days: Resolving a Creation Controversy. RTB Press, 2015.

This is another work from the notable scientist-pastor promoting old earth creationism. Here, Ross deals primarily with the issue of the days of creation listed in the book of Genesis.

  • Snoke, David. A Biblical Case for an Old Earth. Baker Books, 2006.

David Snoke is another scientist-pastor who currently teaches Physics at the University of Pittsburgh. In this work, he makes a biblical case for old earth creationism.

Intelligent Design

  • Behe, Michael J. Darwin’s Black Box. Simon & Schuster, 1996.

Michael Behe is a Professor of Biological Sciences at Lehigh University. He is one of the chief advocates of “intelligent design.” This is an exemplary text on the issue.

  • Dembski, William A. The Design Inference: Eliminating Chance through Small Probabilities. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

William Dembski is a trained mathematician and philosopher, holding a Ph.D in Mathematics from the University of Chicago and a Ph.D in Philosophy from the University of Illinois at Chicago. Dembski is a proponent of intelligent design. This work is another definitive text on the issue.  

  • Dembski, William A. (editor). Mere Creation: Science, Faith & Intelligent Design. InterVarsity Press, 1998.

This edited volume presents essays by most of the prominent advocates of intelligent design.

Theistic Evolution

  • Collins, Francis S. The Language of God. Free Press, 2006.

Francis Collins is an expert geneticist and past director of the Human Genome Project. He is a personal advocate of a form of theistic evolution. This work is accessible for a wide audience. In some ways, it functions as the author’s personal Christian testimony.

  • Peacocke, Arthur. Creation and the World of Science. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979.

Arthur Peacocke is a renowned scientist-theologian, serving as both an Anglican priest and a biochemist. He is another proponent of theistic evolution. This book was one of his most influential works on the topic.

  • Peters, Ted and Martinez Hewlett. Evolution from Creation to New Creation: Conflict, Conversation, and Convergence. Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 2003.

Ted Peters–an eminent Lutheran theologian–and Martinez Hewlett–a molecular and cellular biologist–cowrote this book, which covers all the major views within the overarching debate. Both of these authors are theistic evolutionists, and–together–they present a creative theological construction of evolution towards the end of the book.   

  • Polkinghorne, John. The Polkinghorne Reader. West Conshohocken, Pa.: SPCK/Templeton Press, 2010.

Polkinghorne is one of the premier scientist-theologians of our day. He is a strong advocate for the integration of science and Christian theology and believes in a form of theistic evolution. This reader serves as a nice sampling of his work.

Dialogical & Juxtapositional Resources

  • Carlson, R. F. (editor). Science and Christianity: Four Views. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2000.

Edited by R.F. Carlson, this work offers a critical dialogue between the following views: “creationism,” “independence,” “qualified agreement” and “partnership.” Each view is presented by either a practicing scientist or a philosopher of science. 

  • Hagopian, David G. (editor). The Genesis Debate: Three Views on the Days of Creation. Crux Press, 2001.

This resource provides a presentation of the three main views on the days of creation in Genesis. Each view represented in this book is defended by a pair of scholars who work together to argue for their position.

  • Johnson, P.E. and D.O. Lamoureux. Darwinism Defeated? Regent College Publishers, 1999.

Darwinism Defeated? is centered on a written debate between intelligent design advocate Phillip Johnson and evolutionary creationist Denis Lamoureux. The debate is followed by a number of responses that come from both supporters and critics of intelligent design.

  • Moreland J.P. and John Mark Reynolds (editors). Three Views on Creation and Evolution. Zondervan Publishing House, 1999.

Based on contributions from a variety of different scholars, this resource offers a critical examination of the following views: Young Earth Creationism, Old Earth (Progressive) Creationism, and Theistic Evolution. 

Biblical Studies

  • Alexander, T. Desmond and David W. Baker (editors). Dictionary of the Old Testament: Pentateuch. InterVarsity Press; Downers Grove, 2003.

The various scholarly contributors within this dictionary of the Old Testament offer critical historical, cultural, and hermeneutical analysis of the creation account in Genesis. 

  • Mortenson, Terry and Thane H. Ury (editors). Coming to Grips with Genesis: Biblical Authority and the Age of the Earth. Master Books, 2008.

This edited volume includes several articles on Genesis related to the age of the earth. The various authors and contributors support a literal six-day creation, a universal flood, and a young universe. 

  • Waltke, Bruce K. Genesis: A Commentary. Zondervan, 2001.

This commentary offers in depth theological treatment on the book of Genesis by one of the foremost evangelical Old Testament scholars.

  • Walton, John H. Genesis: The NIV Application Commentary. Zondervan, 2001.

John Walton is an Old Testament professor at Wheaton Graduate School. His commentary on Genesis interacts with and thoughtfully considers the research and findings of modern scientific scholarship.

Miscellaneous & Crossover Resources

  • Haarsma, Deborah B. and Loren D. Haarsma. Origins: A Reformed Look at Creation, Design, & Evolution. Faith Alive Christian Resources, 2007.

These two reformed scholars provide a systematic look at the various ways in which Christians view the relationship between science and faith. A special emphasis is placed on both the nature of science and the role of scriptural interpretation.

  • Pannenberg, Wolfhart. Toward a Theology of Nature: Essays on Science and Faith. Westminster/John Knox Press, 1993.

This work represents a collection of papers by one of the premier 20th century theologians on the conversation between modern science and theology. Out of all the great modern systematic theologians, Pannenberg may have gone the furthest in creatively incorporating modern scientific findings within his overarching theological system.

  • Van Till, Howard J., Davis A. Young and Clarence Menninga. Science Held Hostage: What’s Wrong with Creation Science and Evolutionism. Inter-Varsity Press, 1988.

Science Held Hostage is the product of interdisciplinary research by members of the Calvin Center for Christian Scholarship of Calvin College. It offers a critique of both creation science and popularized evolutionary philosophies such as Sagan’s “Cosmos.” The authors reveal the misuse of scientific data–on the one hand–and the veiling of personal philosophies under the guise of science–on the other. By discussing particular case studies, this resource helps to define the limits and boundaries of the domains of science and theology.

  • Young, Davis A. “The contemporary relevance of Augustine’s view of creation,” ASA Journal, v. 40, no. 1 (1988): 42-45.

This short journal article gives a review of Augustine’s work “On the Literal Meaning of Genesis.” It reveals Augustine’s concern that scriptural interpretation not contradict the witness and testimony of nature.

Anthologies, Companions, Handbooks, Collections

Clayton, Philip and Zachary Simpson (eds.), 2006, The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dixon, Thomas, Geoffrey Cantor, and Stephen Pumfrey (eds.), 2010, Science and Religion: New Historical Perspectives, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Harrison, Peter (ed.), 2010, The Cambridge Companion to Science and Religion, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Stump, Eleonore and Alan G. Padgett (eds.), 2012, The Blackwell Companion to Science and Christianity, Malden, MA: Blackwell.

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